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The History of the Telephone
As with many innovations, the idea for the telephone came along far sooner than it was brought to reality. While Italian innovator Antonio Meucci (pictured at left) is credited with inventing the first basic phone in 1849, and Frenchman Charles Bourseul devised a phone in 1854, Alexander Graham Bell won the first U.S. patent for the device in 1876. Bell began his research in 1874 and had financial backers who gave him the best business plan for bringing it to market.
February 14, 1876- Two inventors rush to United States Patent Office, Elisha Gray and Alexander Graham Bell both file patents for the telephone invention, within hours of each other Bell ended up getting a patent for his phone first. Bell was part of 3 major corporations, 1876 Bell Starts his First Company AT&T, A year later the Bell Telephone Company was created, 1882 The Bell Company purchases majority interest in Western Electric Company, Which was co-founded by Elisha Gray. 1876- 1877 Bell and Watson hit the road to promote their product, at this time the phone was nothing more than a novelty. It was not until the Centennial Fair in 1876 that the telephone gained notoriety. The Emperor Dom Pedro of Brazil put Bell’s strange device to his ear immediately dropping it exclaiming “It speaks, it speaks! My God It talks!” a large group of reporters were following the Emperor, word spread quickly about Bell’s invention and the telephone became a worldwide phenomenon . This led to the mass advertising that would stimulate the media for years to come. Advertising for the phone company became popular, and advertisers would target everyone with ad campaign’s newspapers and posters. Not only did advertising for the phone become popular but also for businesses around the world. Businesses advertised through the telephone and used it as a resource to inform consumers about their companies. The convenience of the telephone would also increase productivity in business. Soon the phone would tie together long distance relations eliminating the need to meet face to face. Business and commerce was the initial purpose the telephone was invented for.
As the public began to profit from the benefits of the telephone peoples circle of contacts expanded greatly. Telephone companies began to greatly profit financially. The Amish community did not embrace the telephone; they believed owning a telephone took away from the face to face contact and the feeling of a close community.
The telephone companies opened the door for women rights in the workplace, the industry gave women more opportunity than the stay at home jobs they were accustomed to. In 1879 the first ever telephone operator Emma M Nutt was hired in Boston Massachusetts, Shortly thereafter women took over the telephone operator business.
1900-1910 – Early 1900 there were approximately 600,000 phones in homes, in 1905 it increased to 2.2 million, and by 1910 there were 5.8 million phones in homes.
1915- Alexander Graham Bell Made the first transcontinental phone call to Thomas Watson. 1919 – Bell System companies begin to install switching Systems/Rotary Dial telephones 1946 – First Commercial mobile phone installed, June 17, 1946 - A driver in St. Louis, Mo., pulled out a handset from under his car's dashboard, placed a phone call and made history. It was the first mobile telephone call. A team including Alton Dickieson and D. Mitchell from Bell Labs and future AT&T CEO H.I. Romnes, worked more than a decade to achieve this feature. In 1947 Bell Labs presented the concept of the cell phone, and effects that became of cell technology was very surprising. By 1948, wireless telephone service was available in almost 100 cities and highway corridors. Customers included utilities, truck fleet operators and reporters. However, with only 5,000 customers making 30,000 weekly calls, the service was far from commonplace.
“This is very early in this industry; it’s like that first telephone call. Try to imagine the cell phones of today. We don’t know exactly how it will play out, but we know the technology is powerful.”
Indeed, Technology was changing the face of the telephone and Telephone service. By the late 1950’s telephone service was spreading across the U.S. very rapidly. There were now sixty six million six hundred thousand phones in service In the United States. Every day there are approximately 245 million conversations buzzing through the vast array of wires across America.
In 1973 Martin Cooper was the inventor of the Motorola DynaTAC 8000x (DYNamic Adaptive Total Area Coverage). He gave to the public his invention. Top management at Motorola was supportive of Cooper's mobile phone concept; investing $100M between 1973 and 1993 before any revenues were realized. On April 3, 1973 from the streets of New York, Cooper, made the first Cellphone call in history.
Cooper is the lead inventor named on "radio telephone system" filed on October 17, 1973 with the US Patent Office and later issued as US Patent 3,906,166. John F. Mitchell, Motorola’s Chief of Portable Communication Products (and Cooper's Manager) and the engineers who worked for Cooper and Mitchell are also named on the patent. The DynaTAC 8000x came with a hefty price tag about $4000.00 U.S. Dollars, and was commonly referred to as the “Brick Telephone” Its weight was about 3 pounds and talk time was only good for 20 minutes.
On October 13, 1983, David D Meilahn placed the first commercial wireless call on a DynaTAC from his 1983 Mercedes 380SL to Bob Barnett, former president of Ameritech Mobile Communications, who then placed a call on a DynaTAC from inside a Chrysler convertible to the grandson of Alexander Graham Bell who was in Germany for the event. The call, made at Soldier Field in Chicago, is considered by many as a major turning point in communications. Later Richard H. Frenkiel, the head of system development at Bell Laboratories, said about the DynaTAC: "It was a real triumph; a great breakthrough. January 3 1996 Motorola Star-Tac is introduced to the public as the first ever clamshell/flip mobile phone.
By 1977, AT&T and Bell Labs had constructed a prototype cellular system. A year later, public trials of the new system were started in Chicago with over 2000 trial customers. In 1979, in a separate venture, the first commercial cellular telephone system began operation in Tokyo. In 1981, Motorola and American Radio telephone started a second U.S. cellular radio-telephone system test in the Washington/Baltimore area. By 1982, the slowmoving FCC finally authorized commercial cellular service for the USA. A year later, the first American commercial analog cellular service or AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone Service) was made available in Chicago by Ameritech. Despite the incredible demand, it took cellular phone service 37 years to become commercially available in the United States. Consumer demand quickly outstripped the 1982 system standards. By 1987, cellular telephone subscribers exceeded one million and the airways were crowded.
The Cell phone has now become the phone of choice. Modern technologies have merged onto this small handheld device. It has become as fashion statement as well as a status symbol. But more importantly it is how we now communicate.
Between 1995 and 2001 about 82 Million people became Cellphone users in the United States alone.
Wireless subscriptions were up to over 116 million.
Apple and the Iphone
On January 9, 2007 Steve Jobs announced the iPhone at the MacWorld Convention, receiving substantial media attention, and that it would be released later that year. On June 29, 2007 the first iPhone was released.
On June 11, 2007 announced at the Apples Worldwide Developers Conference that the iPhone would support third-party applications using the Safari engine on the device. Third-parties would create the Web 2.0 applications and users would access them via the internet. Such applications appeared even before the release of the iPhone; the first being "OneTrip", a program meant to keep track of the user's shopping list. On June 29, 2007, Apple released version 7.3 of iTunes to coincide with the release of the iPhone. This release contains support for iPhone service activation and syncing.
On June 28, 2007, during an address to Apple employees, Steve Jobs announced that all fulltime Apple employees and those part-time employees that have been with the company at least one year would receive a free iPhone. Employees received their phones in July after the initial demand subsided.
Initially priced at U.S.$599 and US $499 for the 8GB and 4GB models, the iPhone went on sale on June 29, 2007. Apple closed its stores at 2:00pm local time to prepare for the 6:00pm iPhone launch, while hundreds of customers lined up at stores nationwide.
Early estimates by technology analysts estimated sales of between 250,000 to 700,000 units in the first weekend alone, with strong sales continuing after the initial weekend. As part of their quarterly earnings announcement, AT&T reported that 146,000 iPhones were activated in the first weekend. Though this figure does not include units that were purchased for resale on ebay or otherwise not activated until after the opening weekend, it is still less than most initial estimates. It is also estimated that 95% of the units sold are the 8GB model.
Steve Jobs was a great visionary and one of the founders of Apple Computers, born February 24 1955 and passed away October 05, 2011, His full name was Steven Paul Jobs.
Cellphones have completely changed the way we live. We no longer have to worry about looking up an address or bringing a camera along on our trips. We have the ability to instantly take and post pictures of our vacations, trips and travels. We can instantly share a death to a loved one, no need for a grocery list, we no longer have to remember anyone’s phone numbers, our phone reminds us of our friend’s birthdays and keeps us on time for our scheduling. Things we only imagined in spy thrillers of years ago now ring true. We can customize our ring tones, listen to music, read a book, pay for our meals, send money electronically; we get our voice messages and our emails on one device. We can use our phone as a flash light, calculator, Calendar, notepad, play games. We can research this whole article on our cellular devices.
Yes, I think Alexander Graham Bell would be proud of what his invention has evolved to. However all of this technology does take away from the human contact that the Amish people feared when the telephone first came out.
So at Creative 13 we want to make sure that we are still available to our clients on a personal level, although we are a technology company and we love all the new innovative ideas. Nothing can take away from the personal touch and knowledge that we can share with a good ole sit down face to face meeting. There is something about shaking a person’s hand and getting to know them and their business needs on a personal level.
We at Creative 13 are committed to always be available to our clients because without you and without technology we would not have a job. It’s that plain and simple. History of the Telephone Breif
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell is awarded a U.S. Patent for the telephone.
1900-1910 – Telephone transmissions extended between major cities in the United States
1915 – Alexander Graham Bell made the first transcontinental phone call to Thomas Watson
1919 – Bell Companies begin installing switching systems/rotary dial Telephones
1946 – First commercial mobile phone installed, Motorola in conjunction with Bell Systems operated the
first commercial mobile telephone service.
1951 – Direct long distance calling without the need for an operator introduced
1956 – First transatlantic telephone cable was installed from Scotland to Nova Scotia, on September 25
the first transatlantic call was placed from the U.K. to Canada
1963 – Touch Tone Telephone introduced in Pennsylvania by AT&T
1968 – First 911 Call Was made on Feburary 16, in Haleyville, AL. 911 was chosen because it was easy to
remember and was not in the U.S. or Canadian area codes.
1973 – First portable Cell phone call made by Martin Cooper of Motorola to his rival at Bell Labs, Joel
1983 - The first use of the personal cellular system was introduced.
1984 – The U.S. Government broke apart the Bell Systems; AT&T had to relinquish control of the Bell
1987 – Personal use of the Cell phone reaches one hundred thousand.
1993- First Digital Cellular Network in place.
1995 – First Internet phone software was released by VocalTec
1996 – Motorola Stra-Tac is first to display Screens featured on a Cell phone and the first with a
1998 – Nokia 9000 first smartphone series
2003 – First Skype public beta version was released
2007 – Iphone released in June
2010 – HD Voice Technology came out for VOIP phones.